Wingandacoa in Captains Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlow’s Voyage to Virginia 1584

The next day there came unto us divers boates, and in one of them the Kings brother, accompanied with fortie or fiftie men, very handsome and goodly people, and in their behaviour as mannerly and civill as any of Europe. His name was Granganimeo, and the king is called Wingina, the countrey Wingandacoa, and now by her Majestie Virginia. […] his servants spread a long matte upon the ground, on which he sate downe, and at the other ende of the matfe foure others of his companie did the like, the rest of his men stood round about him, somewhat a farre off […] he beckoned us to come and sit by him, which we performed : and being set hee made all signes of joy and welcome[…] After hee had made a long speech unto us, wee presented him with divers things[…] The King is greatly obeyed, and his brothers and children reverenced : […] After we had presented this his brother with such things as we thought he liked, wee likewise gave somewhat to the other that sat with him on the matte : but presently he arose and tooke all from them and put it into his owne basket, making signes and tokens, that all things ought to bee delivered unto him, and the rest were but his servants, and followers. A day or two after this, we fell to trading with them, exchanging some things that we had, for Chamoys, Buffe,' and Deere skinnes […] They offered us good exchange for our hatchets, and axes, and for knives, and would have given any thing for swordes : but wee would not depart with any[…] and after a few dayes overpassed, he brought his wife with him to the ships, his daughter and two or three children : his wife was very well favoured, of meane stature, and very bashfull: shee had on her backe a long cloake of leather, with the furre side next to her body, and before her a piece of the same : about her forehead shee had a bande of white Corall, and so had her husband many times : in her eares shee had bracelets of pearles hanging downe to her middle […]. The rest of her women of the better sort had pendants of copper hanging in either eare, and some of the children of the kings brother and other noble men, have five or sixe in either eare : he himselfe hud upon his head a broad plate of golde, or copper […]onely the women weare their haire long on both sides, and the men but on one.

Source: Richard Hakluyt, "[Wingandacoa in] Captains Phillips Amada & Arthur Barlow's Voyage to Virginia 1584" in Hakluyt's Voyages with an Introduction by John Masefield, vol. 6, (London, New York: London: J.M. Dent & Co. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1927), 124-125.

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