Beyond This Site

Death of a Diplomat focuses particularly on primary sources: original documents that date from the period under study. The titles listed below, however, are mainly secondary sources: books and articles that offer some interpretive commentary on Norman and the Cold War. By venturing beyond this site into these materials, you can deepen your understanding of how Norman’s life and death have been appraised by others.


Barros, James. No Sense of Evil: Espionage, the Case of Herbert Norman. Toronto: Deneau, 1986.

Black, J. L., and Martin Rudner, eds. The Gouzenko Affair: Canada and the Beginnings of Cold War Counter-Espionage. Manotick, Ont., Canada: Penumbra Press, 2006.

Bowen, Roger W. Innocence is not Enough: The Life and Death of Herbert Norman. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1986.

Bowen, Roger W., ed. E.H. Norman, His Life and Scholarship. Toronto Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

Ferns, H. S. Reading from Left to Right: One Man’s Political History. Toronto Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 1983.

Knight, Amy. How the Cold War Began: The Gouzenko Affair and the Hunt for Soviet Spies. Toronto, Canada: McClelland & Stewart, 2005.

Norman, E. Herbert. Origins of the Modern Japanese State: Selected Writings of E. H. Norman. Ed. John W. Dower. New York: Pantheon Books, 1975.

Pincher, Chapman. Their Trade is Treachery. London, U.K.: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1981.

Pincher, Chapman. Too Secret Too Long. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1984.

Taylor, Charles. Six Journeys: a Canadian Pattern. Toronto: Anansi, 1977.

Walsh, Patrick. Canada’s Watergate: The Story of Treason in Ottawa. Flesherton, Canada: Canadian League of Rights, 1983.

West, Nigel. A Matter of Trust: MI5 1945-72. London, U.K.: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1982.

Whitaker, Reg, and Greg Marcuse. Cold War Canada: The Making of a National Insecurity State, 1945-1957. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994.


Bowen, Roger W. “Cold War, McCarthyism, and Murder by Slander: E.H. Norman’s Death in Perspective.” In E.H. Norman, His Life and Scholarship, ed. Roger W. Bowen. Toronto Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

Bowen, Roger. “Death of an Ambassador.” Canadian Dimension 15, no. 6 (1981).

Dower, John W. “The Historian in His Times: E.H. Norman and Japan.” In E.H. Norman, Japan’s Emergence as a Modern State: Political and Economic Problems of the Meiji Period Vancouver: UBC Press, 2000.

Cook, Ramsay and Larry Hannant. “Exchange: Herbert Norman in History.” National History: A Canadian Journal of Enquiry and Opinion 1 no. 4 (Summer 2000).

Ferns, H.S. “Return to the Record: The Contribution of Herbert Norman.” Canadian Forum, November 1986.

Fry, Michael G. “On the Track of Treachery – The Assault on Norman.” International Perspectives 18, no. 1 (January-February 1989.

Lyon, Peyton V. “The Loyalties of E. Herbert Norman.” Labour/Le Travail, no. 28 (1991).

Robertson, Colin. “An Interview with James Barros.” Bout de Papier (1988).

Straight, Michael. “A Red Mole or Martyr?” Toronto Globe and Mail, 9 October 1986.

Wagner, J. Richard. “Congress and Canadian-American Relations: The Norman Case.” Rocky Mountain Social Science Journal 10, no. 3 (1973).

Whitaker, Reg. “Return to the Crucible: The Persecution of Herbert Norman.” Canadian Forum 66 (November 1986).

Whitaker, Reg. “Spies Who Might Have Been: Canada and the Myth of Cold War Counterintelligence.” Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 4 (1997)


National Security Agency, United States. Venona project intelligence releases: