Sources Beyond This Site

Franklin's Last Expedition


Battersby, William. James Fitzjames: The Mystery Man of the Franklin Expedition. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2010.

Beattie, Owen, and Geiger, John. Frozen in Time: Unlocking the Secrets of the Franklin Expedition. Saskatoon: Western Producer Prairie Books, 1988 (Rev. ed. 2004).

Cyriax, Richard. Sir John Franklin's Last Arctic Expedition: A Chapter in the History of the Royal Navy. London: Methuen and Co., Ltd., 1939.

Eber, Dorothy. Encounters on the Passage: Inuit Meet the Explorers. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2008.

Lambert, Andrew. Franklin: Tragic Hero of Polar Navigation. London: Faber and Faber Ltd., 2009.

McGoogan, Ken. Fatal Passage: The Untold Story of John Rae, the Arctic Adventurer Who Discovered the Fate of Franklin. Toronto: HarperCollins Publishers Ltd., 2002.

McGoogan, Ken. Lady Franklin's Revenge: A True Story of Ambition, Obsession and the Remaking of Arctic History. Toronto: HarperCollins, 2005.

Smith, Michael. Captain Francis Crozier: Last Man Standing? Doughcloyne, Wilton, Cork, Republic of Ireland: The Collins Press, 2006.

Stein, Glenn M. Discovering the North-West Passage: The Four-Year Arctic Odyssey of H.M.S. Investigator and the McClure Expedition. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 2015. This work contains a wealth of unpublished information, and with McClure's experiences being the closest comparable situation to Franklin’s, the Investigator voyage can be used as a yardstick against what may have happened to Franklin’s people. Page on publisher's site

Woodman, David. Unravelling the Franklin Mystery: Inuit Testimony. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. 1991.


Alt B.T., R.M. Koerner, D.A. Fisher, and J.C. Bourgeois, "Arctic Climate During the Franklin Era, as Deduced From Ice Cores," in Patricia Sutherland, ed., The Franklin Era in Canadian Arctic History. Ottawa: National Museum of Man, Mercury Series, No. 131, pp. 69-92.

Battersby, William. "Identification of the Probable Source of the Lead Poisoning Observed in Members of the Franklin Expedition," Journal of the Hakluyt Society (September 2008), pp. 1-10.

Keenleyside, Anne, Margaret Bertulli and Henry C. Fricke, "The Final Days of the Franklin Expedition: New Skeletal Evidence," Arctic Vol. 50, No. 1 (March 1997), pp. 36-46.

Lloyd-Jones, Ralph, "The Men Who Sailed with Franklin," Polar Record, Vol. 41, Issue 4 (2005), pp. 311-18.

Millar, Keith, Adrian W. Bowman and William Battersby, "A re-analysis of the supposed role of lead poisoning in Sir John Franklin's last expedition, 1845-1848," Polar Record, Vol. 50, No. 1 (9 January 2014), pp. 1-15.

Stein, Glenn M., “Scattered Memories and Frozen Bones: Revealing a Sailor of the Franklin Expedition, 1845-48,” The Journal of the Orders and Medals Research Society Vol. 46, No. 4 (December 2007), pp. 224-32.

Stein, Glenn M., “The Franklin Expedition 50th Anniversary Commemorations: Arctic Veterans and Medals from the Frozen Zone,” The Journal of the Orders and Medals Research Society Vol. 49, No. 2 (June 2010), pp. 84-92.

Stein, Glenn M., “An Arctic Execution: Private Charles B. Henry of the United States Lady Franklin Bay Expedition 1881-84,” ARCTIC, Vol. 64, No. 4 (December 2011), pp. 399-412.

Arctic Homeland

Books and Book Chapters

Anderson, David George and Mark Nuttal. Cultivating Arctic Landscapes: Knowing and Managing Animals in the Circumpolar North. Oxford, U.K. and New York: Berghahn Books, 2004.

Bennett, John and Susan Rowley. Uqalurait: An Oral History of Nunavut. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004.

Damas, David. "Central Eskimo: Introduction," in David Damas, ed., Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 5, "Arctic." Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1984, pp. 391-96.

Dick, Lyle. Muskox land: Ellesmere Island in the Age of Contact. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2001.

Dick, Lyle. "People and Animals in the Arctic: Mediating Between Indigenous and Western Knowledge," in Alan MacEachern and William J. Turkel, eds., Method and Meaning in Canadian Environmental History, Toronto: Nelson, 2009. pp. 76-101.

Fossett, Renee. In Order to Live Untroubled: Inuit of the Central Artic 1550 to 1940. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2001.

Freeman, Milton M.R. "Arctic Ecosystems." In David Damas, ed., Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 5, "Arctic." Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1984, pp. 36-48.

Websites ∕ Electronic Resources

University of Manitoba Archives and Special Collections. Arctic Blue Books Online

Sunken ship