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The criminal trial.


A CRIMINAL TRIAL, is one that calls for retribution for a crime.

In order to launch a criminal trial, there must be a body of evidence. The trial begins with a complaint on which permission is asked to gather information; information against the accused is heard; the information is admitted; the accused is interrogated; &, if it is necessary to conclude the trial in the extraordinary way, it is ordained that the witnesses be re-examined in their depositions, & confronted with the accused; & following the last interrogation to which the accused is subjected, & the conclusive findings, a judgment is rendered against the accused.

Source: Diderot, Denis et Jean le Rond d'Alembert, "The criminal trial, in l'Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire Raisonné des Sciences, des Arts et des Métiers " (Paris: Briasson et autres, n.d.), tome XIII, page 405.

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