Procedure relative to the confrontation of witnesses.
Re-examination & Confrontation
IN ORDER TO proceed with the confrontation of the Witness, the Accused will be brought forward, & upon oath taken by the witness & by the Accused, in the presence of each other, the Judge will call upon them to declare if they know each other.
THE Accused will then be read the first articles of the deposition of the witness, containing his name, age, status & residence, his
stated knowledge of the parties, & whether he is family or allied to them.
THE ACCUSED will then be interrogated by the Judge to state forthwith his reproaches against the witness, if he has any; & warned that he will have no recourse after having heard the reading of his deposition, which will be mentioned.
WITNESSES will be asked about the truth of the reproaches, & what will be stated by the witness & the Accused, will be written.
FOLLOWING the Accused having stated his reproaches, or declaring to have none to state, a reading will be done to him of the deposition & re-examination of the witness, and he will be asked to declare if they contain truth, & [the witness will be asked] whether the Accused is the one that he heard speak as stated in his deposition & re-examination; & what will be stated by the Accused & the witness, will be noted in writing.
THE ACCUSED will no longer be allowed to make reproaches against the witness, following a reading to him of his deposition.
Source: Louis XIV, "Procedure relative to the confrontation of witnesses, in l'Ordonnance ... pour les matières criminelles" (: Chez les Associés, 1670).